OFA stands for the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. This is a database of genetic based diseases and syndromes that can be tested for and tracked to help evaluate potential breeding candidates and to help reduce the incidence of genetic disease and improve the wellbeing of companion animals. This includes inherited diseases and malformations such as congenital heart disease, hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, luxating patellas, and others. Each OFA test is entered into a database and the animals are graded and given either pass/fail or mild/moderate/severe depending on what is evaluated. Animals that fail any OFA test are not recommended to be used for breeding due to the high likelihood of passing conditions on to the next generation. This is important in conserving the health of the breed and maintaining good breeding stock.